The moon is the only natural satellite of the earth. From the day human beings were born, human ancestors were full of curiosity and awe about the two things in the sky, one is the sun and the other is the moon. They manage the day and night respectively, especially the moon, and may have a higher status in the hearts of human ancestors, because it brought a little light with the dark night.
You must know that before humans entered the technological age, people did not have any lighting equipment for walking activities at night. In addition to torches, the most important thing was to rely on the moon in the sky to guide the direction and the way. Therefore, the moon was very important to people in ancient times. It is precisely because of the extraordinary status of the moon in the hearts of the ancients that many beautiful poems, myths and legends about the moon have appeared.
So what kind of place was the moon in the hearts of the ancients? In fact, we can see from myths and legends that the moon in the minds of the ancients is a very beautiful place where people live. But when mankind entered the age of science and technology and really landed on the moon, we discovered that the moon is actually very desolate, without any life.
Although the moon is very desolate and no life exists, scientists have discovered that the moon is a very resource-rich planet through continuous exploration of the moon. There is also helium-3, an energy source that is very important for the future of mankind. The energy of the moon makes mankind jealous, so the full development of the moon in the future is inevitable. To exploit the resources of the moon, we first need to establish a permanent base on the moon, and even establish a new home for mankind on the moon.
Since ancient times, human beings have dreamed of building their homes on the moon. In ancient my country, there was a beautiful myth of Chang’e living in the moon palace. And it is not scientists who are the most selected to propose the construction of a lunar base, but rather a group of highly imaginative science fiction writers. To this day, scientists and engineers are also actively exploring and studying methods of building a lunar base.
The lunar base is a habitable facility built on the surface of the moon that can guarantee the long-term life and work of astronauts. It is not easy to build such a residential facility. It is necessary to know that the moon has no atmosphere, no ecological environment of its own, and naturally no oxygen for partners to breathe. Without the protection of the atmosphere, the solar radiation and cosmic radiation on the surface of the moon are very strong.
Astronauts want to survive and work on the moon for a long time, they need a closed earth ecosystem, which is the moon base. According to the current level of human science and technology, scientists have proposed a gradual development strategy for the moon base. First, establish a temporary lunar outpost, then a permanent lunar front station, then a lunar base, and finally build a real lunar village to make the moon Become a home for mankind.
According to expert estimates, it may take about 30 years to build a lunar outpost that can accommodate hundreds of people from a temporary lunar outpost, and it takes at least 50 years to form a mature and comprehensive lunar base. This is a long-term strategic goal that involves large investments, a long period, involves the interests of all countries and requires joint cooperation, so international cooperation is an inevitable trend.
At present, the United States, Russia and the European Space Agency have all put forward relevant plans for the construction of a lunar base. It is hoped that a lunar base can be built in the near future. The entire construction cost is estimated at 10 billion US dollars. Scientists once envisaged the completion of this plan in 2022, but based on the current development situation, it is obviously impossible to achieve it. We must know that 2020 is less than two years away from now, and the simplest temporary lunar outpost for human beings has not yet been completed.
Hawking had many predictions before his death. One of them was that mankind would immigrate to the moon in the near future. According to the development trend of human science and technology, immigrating to the moon is achievable in the future. But when will it be possible? According to the explanations of the scientists above, we can see that if mankind wants to truly realize lunar migration, it needs to achieve the last goal, which is to build a real lunar village on the moon, that is, a huge closed lunar city.
To realize such a lunar city, it will take a long time. From a temporary lunar outpost to the construction of a permanent lunar base, it may take at least 50 years. And to upgrade and build a real lunar village, I am afraid that it will take decades to work on the basis of the lunar base. Therefore, it may take about 100 years for mankind to truly realize lunar migration.
Of course, humans cannot mine the resources of the moon for so long. The first people to live and work on the moon are only a few people. Apart from some scientists, these people are mainly miners. The permanent lunar base built by mankind can only accommodate about a hundred people. If ordinary people want to emigrate to the moon, it will take a long time.
The moon in the future will inevitably be a very lively place. Not only will there be many large and small mining bases, but there will also be a huge moon city, and a large number of earth humans will emigrate to the moon. Some people may think that emigrating to the moon is a good thing, but in fact, no matter how well-built a lunar city is, it is not as good as living on the earth.
We must know that the environment of the moon is doomed, and the people living on the moon need to be in a closed ecological environment. To get out of this living environment circle, you need to wear a spacesuit, and the gravity of the moon is much smaller than that of the earth, and gravity has a lot of influence on the human body. Therefore, people who have lived on the moon for too long may not be able to adapt to the earth’s environment for a while when they return to the earth.
In any case, there is no problem with Hawking’s prediction of human future migration to the moon, and the moon in the future will only be an outpost for mankind to call people to the outer planet. In addition to the moon, we will also immigrate to Mars in the near future. And Mars may be the most important immigrant planet for humans in the solar system.