The Earth has two neighbors, Venus and Mars. Like the Earth, they are all rocky planets. From the perspective of their location, they should all have the potential to become living planets. However, after human beings walked out of the earth, the observed Venus and Mars are very different from the earth. From the overall appearance, we can see that Venus and Mars do not have such a beautiful ecosystem as the earth.
In theory, Venus and Mars should be the planets of life. Why did they become like this? In order to clarify the truth, human beings began to explore and research Venus and Mars after they walked out of the earth. Because Venus is the most similar to the earth in mass and volume, and it is closer to the earth, the most popular choice for scientists to explore is Venus. .
However, when the probe reached the orbit of Venus, it was discovered that the environment of Venus was too harsh. Not only did it have a very thick atmosphere, but the surface temperature was as high as 460 degrees Celsius. The probe failed to log in several times. In the end, scientists had to temporarily abandon the exploration of Venus and focus on Mars.
The environment of Mars is much superior to that of Venus. It has only a thin atmosphere. The rover can not only take pictures of the overall situation of Mars from its orbit, but also allow Mars to climb on the surface of Mars and move for a long time. Explore so that we can learn more about Mars.
After decades of continuous exploration and research on Mars, humans have gained a lot of knowledge about Mars. Through these discoveries, scientists believe that Mars may have been a beautiful ecological planet a long time ago, and there may have been life, but Later, the ecology changed drastically, and it became like this step by step.
Mars has a natural and good ecosystem foundation. As long as we can carry out a series of transformations on Mars, the possibility of it becoming the second habitable planet for mankind is very high. Therefore, in recent years, mankind has accelerated the exploration and research of Mars, and all the world’s space powers have focused their attention on Mars in space exploration.
Although my country’s aerospace industry started relatively late, it has developed at an amazing speed. Especially in recent years, the exploration of the moon has been at the forefront of the world. With the rapid advancement of space technology, our country has also set its sights on Mars. In the past, some photos about Mars that we saw were basically taken on Mars by the American Rover Opportunity and Curiosity. These photos include: Clear, blurry, and many of the photos are not publicly released at all.
Some people speculate that the American rover may have found something unusual on the surface of Mars. These photos have either not been released or they have been released after some post-processing. Therefore, I believe we don’t know what the American Mars probes have discovered on Mars.
If our country wants to know more about the real situation of Mars, the photos released by the United States are not enough. We need to have our own Mars rover so that we can see a real surface of Mars. 2020 is the launch window for Mars. Although a lot of bad things have happened to the Earth this year, the launch of the Mars rover was not affected. Three probes were still sent to Mars as scheduled, including my country’s. Tianwen-1 Mars Rover.
my country’s Tianwen No. 1 probe is a comprehensive probe. It has to complete three detection missions at a time. More importantly, Tianwen No. 1 carries a Mars rover, that is, Zhu Rong, which is on the surface of Mars. The important task of mobile detection, we want to make further major discoveries on the surface of Mars, and ultimately rely on this Zhurong.
After the “Tianwen No. 1” orbiter enters the ring fire orbit, it will first carry out earth observations for about three months, especially the detailed survey of the pre-selected landing area. After that, the lander carrying the Mars rover will be separated from the orbiter, using parachutes and reverse thrust rockets to land on the surface of Mars, and carry out a 90-day Mars-day inspection mission.
The Zhurong rover safely left the landing platform on May 22 and reached the surface of Mars to begin its inspection mission. After more than half a month of mobile exploration, Zhurong sent clear photos of the surface of Mars back to Earth. These photos were first published on the Internet on June 11, allowing us to see a different Mars from a clearer perspective. .
When the “Zhurong” rover did not leave the landing platform, it took a 360-degree circle shot of the surface of Mars around the landing site. Through this photo, we can see that the terrain near the landing site is flat and the Martian horizon can be seen in the distance. , The abundance and size of the rock are consistent with expectations.
These Martian photos are similar to the surface of Mars taken by Curiosity. A red Martian surface has rocks of different sizes, the terrain is relatively flat, and there is a ring crater in the distance. This scenario is somewhat similar to some desert environments on Earth, so scientists also call Mars a desert planet.
The photos taken by Zhurong may not be surprisingly mysterious, but they have different meanings to our country. This is the first time our country has seen the real situation of the surface of Mars up close, and it is also an important step for my country to start Mars exploration.
With the continuous patrol and movement of Zhurong, more clear photos will be taken in the future, and perhaps a major discovery will be made inadvertently. In the exploration of Mars, the detection and search of life is undoubtedly the key target of all countries. The U.S. probes are also trying to find traces of life on Mars, but until now they have not found them.