The earth is a beautiful planet of life. In addition to intelligent life human beings, there are more than millions of various creatures. Life can be regarded as the most mysterious and complicated thing that has appeared since the Big Bang. No one knows how life in the universe originated.
Although human beings have entered the age of science and technology and have begun to explore and study life, our understanding of life is still limited to fur. Not to mention the possible existence of extraterrestrial life in the universe, even life on earth, there are many mysteries waiting for us to solve.
Life originated from non-living matter, so how did non-living matter evolve into life? This is one thing that the scientific community has always wanted to figure out. It’s just that, for the mystery about the origin and evolution of life, it will take a longer time for human beings to truly solve it.
Before that, we must uncover the mysteries of all life on earth. I believe many friends know that life needs a more suitable environment to survive. In the eyes of many people, life is unlikely to exist outside the harsh environment of high temperature and poisonous gas. However, during the actual exploration and research process, scientists have discovered a lot of tenacious life, such as water bear insects. A tiny life that can survive in many harsh environments, even in the space environment, water bear worms can survive for a period of time.
So is the water bear insect the most tenacious life on earth? Of course not. High temperatures are often difficult for life to bear. Every life has very strict requirements for the ambient temperature. For example, the temperature of the human body is about 37 degrees Celsius. If the environment around us is much higher than 37 degrees Celsius, human survival will face severe tests, and it is basically difficult to survive.
The same is true for other animals. In an environment of extreme high temperature, 99% of organisms will be unable to survive. So in this world, are there any tenacious beings who truly regard the high temperature environment as the living environment? At first, scientists did not think that this kind of life would exist, but a later discovery made them change their views.
If you want to ask where are the hotter areas on the earth? I believe many friends will think of volcanic eruptions. The red liquid erupting from the crater is underground magma. The temperature reaches between 900 and 1,200 degrees Celsius, and can even reach 1,400 degrees Celsius at the highest point.
Such a high temperature can melt the steel, and the weak and weak body will naturally be wiped out. Geological activities are relatively active in the place where the volcano erupts, and the temperature near the volcanic magma is naturally very high, which can basically reach hundreds of degrees Celsius. At an ambient temperature of hundreds of degrees Celsius, humans cannot survive, and it is basically difficult for other creatures to survive here.
So is there any life activity near the volcanic magma? The answer is yes. First of all, the water bear worm, which is invisible to our naked eyes, can survive in the high temperature environment near the volcano. Of course, it is not the most heat-resistant creature. The creature that can swim freely in such a “steel furnace” is actually the Pompeii worm, which is known as the most heat-resistant creature on earth.
Pompeii worm is a hairy mollusk with a body length of about 6-8 cm. The highest temperature it can withstand reaches 81 degrees Celsius. It is currently known as the most high-temperature and temperature-resistant creature on the earth. Pompeii worms live on the bottom of the East Pacific Ocean, where there is a long active zone of crustal activity, which is very hot waters.
Scientists once measured the temperature of the waters near the Pompeii worm and found that it was as high as 105 degrees Celsius. Pompeii worm is able to dominate the sky in such a high temperature environment, which shows that it has very special internal physical factors. Through the study of Pompeii worms, scientists found that the maximum temperature inside their organisms reached 81 degrees Celsius, while the human body was only 37 degrees Celsius.
Scientists once believed that the membrane-like structures of cells in organisms, such as cell nuclei and mitochondria, are difficult to withstand sudden changes in external temperature, and the critical point for withstanding high temperatures is 55°C. However, the discovery of the Pompeii worm completely broke this conclusion. This creature can not only withstand the high temperature of Baidu, but also has a very strong anti-virus ability.
Scientists found sulfides and heavy metals such as lead, cadmium, zinc, and copper in the waters where Pompeii worms live. These heavy metals can produce very strong toxicity outside the high temperature environment. If it were other organisms, they would have died long ago, but the Pompeii worm did nothing at all, and lived freely.
The discovery of the Pompeii worm gave scientists a new understanding of life. The tenaciousness of biological vitality and the ability to adapt to the environment are far beyond our imagination. Where we think there is no life, we often find some special tenaciousness. life.
This kind of cognition is helpful to our exploration and discovery of extraterrestrial life. It is necessary to know that after human beings walk out of the earth, what we expect most is to be able to discover extraterrestrial life, which proves that the earth and mankind are not alone. But after nearly half a lifetime of continuous exploration, we still haven’t found anything.
In the past, when scientists searched for extraterrestrial life, they would actively exclude those planets with very harsh environments, such as Mercury, Mars, and Io. In the eyes of scientists, these three planets can all be called purgatory planets, and the surface temperature is hotter than the other, and they are accompanied by various poisonous gases. In such a harsh environment, in the eyes of scientists, life cannot survive.
However, the discovery of the Pompeii worm has broken the impossible in the past. It tells us that life is very resistant to high temperature and toxicity. Some life can survive in such a double harsh environment, so Mercury, Venus and even Io may have high temperature and poisonous life.
Of course, to explore these purgatory planets, the current technology of mankind cannot do it. The discovery of the Pompeii worm not only gives us a new direction for searching for extraterrestrial life, but more importantly, it helps the development of human potential. We all know that although human beings are the only intelligent life on earth and the overlord of the earth, the physical quality of human beings is actually very weak in the biological world.
With the weak human body, many bacteria and viruses on the earth can threaten us, not to mention the radiation, microgravity and other influences in the cosmic environment. If the physical fitness of human beings cannot be effectively improved, then the future interstellar path of humanity will be very difficult. Especially in the future, we are going to colonize other planets, and the environment on different planets will be somewhat different from the earth.
Only when human beings have strong physical fitness can the future interstellar road be able to unfold smoothly. To improve the physical fitness of human beings, we need to use genetic technology to implant other biological genes with tenacious vitality into human genes. For example, after we cracked the secret of Pompeii worm’s heat resistance and toxicity, it can be applied to humans to give us this powerful ability.
By concentrating the powerful advantages of other creatures on the human body, human beings can surpass other creatures in physical quality, and can better survive in the cosmic environment. In this way, mankind will become a real interstellar civilization, on the way to interstellar, and become the overlord of the universe step by step.