I believe that many friends know the truth of survival of the fittest. This truth is not only applicable to nature, but also to human society. Take the current workplace as an example, the survival of the fittest is the most prominent. As long as you are not good enough or better than you appear, then you will be eliminated. If you don’t want to be eliminated, the only way is to keep learning and constantly improving yourself. The so-called living to grow old is to learn the best way to overcome the fittest.
In the natural world of life, the survival of the fittest is also an eternal truth. In the long life history of billions, I do not know how many species have been eliminated by this rule of survival of the fittest. So is this law suitable for human evolution? Some people may say that things compete for the sky, the life of the fittest, and the survival of the fittest are the laws of nature, and it is naturally adapted to the path of human evolution. Is this really true?
We all know that humans originated from great apes millions of years ago. On the way from great apes to humans, mutations continue to occur in genes, and organs are constantly evolving and updating. Let’s take human organs as an example. In the course of millions of years of evolution, some organs degenerate because they are useless, and eventually disappear, such as Fabry bones.
This kind of bone is generally seen in mammals, especially in primates. For example, monkeys, orangutans, etc., but because this bone has little effect, it has been gradually replaced by modern kneecaps in the continuous evolution of humans. So is this Fabry bone really a useless organ for humans?
If it is a useless tissue and organ for humans, it should not reappear after it degenerates and disappears in the process of human evolution. However, according to modern medical research, Fabry bones have made a comeback. As early as 1875, scientists discovered that Fabry bones began to reappear in some people. According to preliminary statistics, the number of people with Fabry bones at that time accounted for 11% of the total number of human beings.
If the latter proportion does not increase, then scientists will not pay too much attention to it, but unexpectedly, by the time of 2019, scientists have re-stated and found that the number of people with Fabry bones has risen to 40% in 144 years. Here, the number of people with Fabry bones has risen nearly four times. This has to arouse the attention of scientists. From this data, we can see that the trend of Fabry bone reproduction can no longer be changed.
It is possible that in more than 100 years, all mankind will have Fabry bones. Scientists have not yet figured out the reasons for this, and there is currently no definite answer to whether the recurrence of Fabry bones is good or bad for humans. So why did the Fabry bone reappear after it disappeared for countless years? Doesn’t this violate the evolutionary natural law of survival of the fittest?
Scientists have put forward two possible guesses about the recurrence of the Fabry bone. One is that the guess may be related to the fact that humans began to pay attention to exercise. Scientists believe that with the importance of various human sports, as the Olympics, Asian Games and other events, more and more athletes, so the Fabry bone reappears in the world, its role is to enhance the strength of the joints, used to resist the body While avoiding frictional strain.
So does the above explanation make sense? In fact, as long as we analyze it carefully, you will find that it doesn’t make much sense. Modern people’s exercise volume has increased? I believe that many people will not support such a view. In fact, with the continuous advancement of human science and technology and the continuous advancement of industrialization, the frequency and number of people’s movements are becoming less and less.
Of course, we do not rule out that athletes do exercise a lot, but athletes in the world account for only a very small proportion of the total number of human beings. Among the general population, there are very few people who can persist in exercising. Therefore, after human beings entered the age of technology, the amount of exercise is actually declining instead of increasing. I believe my friends can agree on this point.
Furthermore, can the amount of exercise of modern people be compared with that of the ancients? I believe everyone understands that it is not comparable. In ancient times, there was no current technology. At that time, people basically relied on sports whether they were working or traveling, and they were basically doing physical work. The amount of daily exercise was larger than that of modern professional athletes.
So from the perspective of exercise volume, modern people can’t compare with the ancients at all, but why didn’t the Fabry bone reappear in ancient times? Did it still choose the era? Doesn’t reappear in ancient times, but will appear in modern times after thousands of years? It can be seen that the reappearance of Fabry bones has nothing to do with sports. Of course, since the selection of Fabry bones appeared in modern times, it means that there must be some factor in modern times that prompted the emergence of Fabry bones.
What will this factor be? It may be the second conjecture proposed by scientists: diet. If you want to ask what is the most obvious difference in life between the ancients and modern people, it is probably diet. I believe many of my friends understand that in ancient times, very few people were able to eat their meals, and most people were basically hungry, let alone getting enough nutrition.
In ancient times, the main reason why people didn’t have enough to eat was that the yield of crops was very low, and the types of crops were relatively small, and the nutrition naturally could not keep up. Therefore, the average life expectancy of people in ancient times was relatively short, probably only in their 40s. In modern times, grain production has increased substantially, and the types of agricultural products have also been enriched, and various nutritious foods continue to appear.
I believe that in modern times, even the poorest people will not starve to death like people in ancient times because they can’t eat enough. Modern people can die in poverty, but they will basically not starve to death. In addition to having a full meal, with the continuous improvement of living standards, nutrition is becoming more and more adequate. It is possible that the continual sufficiency of nutrition has allowed the Fabry bone to reappear. This explanation is most likely to be close to the truth.
From 144 years ago to the present, people’s living standards have been continuously improved, and nutrition has continued to be adequate. The population with Fabry bones has also increased from 11% to 40%. This explanation is more reasonable. If the reappearance of the Fabry bone is indeed due to adequate nutrition, it means that the Fabry bone is not a useless organ. On the contrary, it may be a very useful organ for humans.
In the process of evolution and evolution of human ancestors, the reason why the Fabry bone continued to shrink and finally disappeared may be because the Fabry bone needs sufficient nutrition to maintain strong functions. But for the human ancestors, not being starved to death is a thank good thing, and there are talks about adequate nutrition. Therefore, with the continuous progress of evolution, the Fabry bones can only degenerate, and finally replaced by modern kneecaps.
From this we can also see that modern kneecaps are actually a helpless choice for humans in the process of evolution, because human ancestors were unable to maintain adequate nutrition at that time. Under the principle of survival of the fittest, they could only give up the better ones. Fabry chose a modern kneecap. And modern kneecaps are indeed not very strong, which can be seen from the fact that many people have joint fires.
Especially when a person enters old age, the function of the kneecap is greatly reduced. Many elderly people have severe arthritis and cannot walk and move normally. Now that the Fabry bone has reappeared, it may be good news for humans. Perhaps with it, human knees will be stronger, there will be no more joint problems, and they will be able to walk normally when they are old.
Of course, all of this is just our guess. What impact will this Fabry bone reproduction have on humans? It also requires continuous exploration and research by scientists. Perhaps in the near future, scientists will fully understand what is going on with the Fabry bone reproduction? It is also possible to understand the possible impact of its recurrence on humans.