According to Darwin’s theory of evolution, humans evolved from forest ancient apes. We all know that 65 million years ago, the impact of an asteroid caused the extinction of dinosaurs. Only after the extinction of the dinosaurs did the mammals rise, and after tens of millions of years of evolutionary evolution, the forest ancient apes appeared.
The forest ancient apes live on trees and can effectively avoid natural enemies. Life is very leisurely. However, with the changes in the earth’s ecological environment, the forest area is declining and the forest ancient apes are also facing difficulties. At this time, some forest ancient apes are facing difficulties. Survive, walk down from the tree, and live on the plains.
The forest ancient apes that came out of this part are the common ancestors of humans and chimpanzees. After millions of years of evolutionary evolution, this part of the forest ancient apes living in the plains has also diverged and embarked on different evolutionary paths. After the road of intelligent evolution, they became the ancestors of human beings, and the other part continued to evolve along the original direction, and later evolved into chimpanzees.
So how did the common ancestor of humans and chimpanzees diverge tens of millions of years ago? What factors caused a common population to diverge and embark on a different evolutionary path? For this, scientists have been conducting research and exploration. According to Darwin’s theory of evolution, the core of biological evolution is genetic mutation.
Different gene mutation directions may lead a population to different evolutionary paths. The common ancestors of humans and chimpanzees have differentiated. The fundamental reason is that some ancient apes living in the plains have an unknown mutation in their genes in a certain direction. This special genetic mutation allows the human brain to develop rapidly and become more and more complex, thereby evolving into intelligent life.
So what kind of genetic mutation changed the evolutionary path of some forest ancient apes? You know, according to modern scientific research, the genetic similarity between humans and chimpanzees is as high as 99%, with only 1% genetic difference. It is this small 1% genetic difference that makes humans and chimpanzees completely separate, becoming two completely different races.
Therefore, the key for human beings to evolve into intelligent life lies in this differential 1% of genes. So what is the secret of this part of genes? According to the latest research results published by the American “Science” magazine, scientists have found a special “mutant gene” in the human brain, which is one of the reasons why humans are smarter than chimpanzees, and is a gene unique to humans.
Scientists have discovered that during the evolution of the forest ancient apes, the ancestors of humans have undergone genomic mutations during a certain period of time. This genetic mutation produced a special gene “ARHGAP11B”, which stimulated the growth of the brain. And make the brain more and more complex.
It is the formation of this unique gene that makes humans’ intelligence quotient higher and higher, completely surpassing chimpanzees, making us intelligent life, and the ancestors of chimpanzees did not have this special genetic mutation, and naturally there is no chance for intelligent life. , But IQ is higher than other animals.
The discovery of the unique “ARHGAP11B” gene in the human brain is of great significance for human research and exploration of the mystery of intelligent life. Chimpanzees lacked this “ARHGAP11B” gene and did not eventually evolve into intelligent life. It is precisely because of this “ARHGAP11B” gene that humans have embarked on the path of intelligent evolution.
It can be seen that “ARHGAP11B” is the key to human beings becoming smart, so some people speculate whether the amount of this gene determines how smart a person is? For this question, scientists are still unable to give an answer. After all, we are not particularly clear about the role of “ARHGAP11B” in the evolution of human intelligence.
Therefore, whether the amount of “ARHGAP11B” gene content determines the level of intelligence requires further research and exploration by scientists. Regardless of whether the content of “ARHGAP11B” is related to the level of intelligence, it can affect the intelligence of living beings. There is no doubt about this. Moreover, by implanting the “ARHGAP11B” gene in other animals, scientists did find that these animals were a little smarter than before.
“ARHGAP11B” may be a key point on the evolutionary path of intelligent and non-intelligent organisms. If we can truly understand the mystery of “ARHGAP11B”, we may be able to quickly evolve a kind of organism into an intelligent organism through genetic technology. For example: The chimpanzee in “Rise of the Orangutan” is precisely because humans injected it with a smart gene, which made it a smart life.
Of course, such genetic technology is not necessarily a good thing for humans. Once humans have mastered the method for biological evolution to evolve into intelligent life, then it is possible for other intelligent life to appear on the earth, which is not for humans. Good news. The so-called one mountain cannot tolerate two tigers, and a planet can hardly tolerate the existence of two intelligent civilizations.
After all, the earth’s resources are limited. If there is a second and third intelligent race, then the limited resources of the earth will be divided up, thus dragging down the speed of human development. This is something we don’t want to see. Some people may say that we have mastered the mystery of intelligent life, so long as we don’t take the initiative to create intelligent life, can’t it?
Having said that, it is very difficult to do it. Human beings have mastered the mystery of nuclear energy, thus creating terrible nuclear weapons, and their number is increasing with the development of mankind, bringing terrible things to the earth and mankind. Threatened. If we have mastered nuclear energy, we will be unable to control the application of it and develop various destructive weapons.
By the same token, when human beings have mastered the mystery of biological evolution into intelligent life, they will also be unable to control experiments on various creatures. Once an experimental accident occurs, it will lead to a terrible scene in “Rise of the Apes”. Therefore, the “ARHGAP11B” gene is equivalent to a Pandora’s box. Once it is completely opened, unknown demons may be released, thereby posing a threat to human survival.