The moon is the closest planet to the earth and the only natural satellite of the earth. For the moon, from ancient times to the present, people have a different kind of sentiment. In ancient times, human beings always dreamed about the beauty of the moon, the beauty of the moon, and there are many myths and legends about the moon.
But for us in the age of science and technology, our emotions for the moon are not so deep, because we understand that the moon is just a very ordinary and desolate planet, and there is nothing special about it. Standing on the earth and looking at the moon, it still has such a little holy white brilliance, it looks really beautiful, but when we walk into the moon, you will find that it is so ugly and desolate, not beautiful at all.
Since the moon is very close to the earth, after humans walked out of the earth, the most preferred planet to explore is the moon, and manned landings have been achieved in the last century, and they have seen the surface of the moon at close range. Through decades of continuous exploration and research, scientists have discovered that although the moon is very desolate and the surface environment is harsh, the resources on the moon are very rich.
The reason why the resources on the moon are so abundant has a lot to do with its origin. According to scientists’ research on the lunar soil, the moon may have originated from a major collision in the early solar system, when a planet the size of Mars collided with the earth. , The debris from the collision formed the current moon.
We all know that the earth is a very resource-rich life planet. The moon is formed by fragments of the earth and fragments of another planet. Then the resource elements on the moon are very similar to those of the earth. This has been achieved by studying lunar rocks. The preliminary proof was obtained. It can be said that the moon is also a part of the earth. In addition to the various resources of the earth, there is also a resource that is very important to the future of mankind, that is, helium-3.
This is a perfect raw material for nuclear fusion, and the importance of nuclear fusion to mankind, I believe everyone is very clear. However, the reserves of helium-3 on the earth are very scarce, which can only meet the needs of scientific research and cannot be used in large quantities at all. After the controllable nuclear fusion technology, we will need a large amount of helium-3 resources. At this time, we need to go to the moon to mine.
Therefore, it is inevitable to establish mining bases on the moon in the future and vigorously develop lunar resources. So when can human beings establish a preliminary mining base on the moon? Last year, Japan published a scientific report saying that around 2035, fuel plants will be built on the surface of the moon to use the resources of the moon to make hydrogen fuel.
This goal is not small. You must know that 2035 is only 14 years away from now. In such a short period of time, it is not easy to build a fuel factory on the moon to produce hydrogen. Seeing this, some friends may have questions: To make hydrogen fuel, water is needed, but is there water on the moon?
Yes, to make hydrogen fuel, the final raw material is water. There are abundant water resources on the earth, so there is no problem in making hydrogen fuel. But is there water on the moon? In the eyes of many people, the moon has no atmosphere and its surface is completely under cosmic radiation. The water has been abducted by the solar wind. How could there be water?
If you think so, you are wrong. The moon is not an anhydrous planet. There is water ice in the polar regions. This point has been confirmed by scientists through many detection experiments, and there is also moisture in the lunar soil 5 centimeters away. Scientists have obtained a preliminary answer through an impact experiment.
Since there is water on the moon, there is no need to worry about the raw materials for making hydrogen fuel, which is an important power source. The fuel used by our current rockets and spacecraft is basically hydrogen fuel. If hydrogen fuel can be produced on the moon, it will be of great significance to mankind.
In the future, mankind will build a large number of mining bases on the moon. The mining of lunar resources is an inevitable way to go. However, the establishment of mining bases requires a lot of resources and energy, and these resources and energy need to be transported from the earth. To transport materials, fuel is naturally needed, but if these fuels are added from the earth, the cost will naturally be very high, and it is also inconvenient.
But if the fuel returned by the spacecraft can be supplied on the moon, then the transport ship from the earth can save mass, can transport more materials to the moon, and then return the fuel from the moon to the earth. The efficiency of establishing a lunar base is undoubtedly Will be greatly improved. Moreover, with the lunar fuel factory, a lot of work on the moon will be more convenient to carry out, which is of great significance for mankind to fully develop the moon.
So is it easy to build a fuel factory on the moon? We have already said that it is not easy. We must know that the moon has no atmosphere, the environment is completely connected to space, and the intensity of cosmic radiation is 200 times greater than that of the earth. In such a high-radiation environment, even if humans wear spacesuits, they cannot work for a long time. Over time, radiation will have a serious impact on our bodies.
Moreover, we are also very free to move around in space suits, which is not conducive to work. Therefore, to build a fuel factory on the moon, first of all, there must be a closed ecological environment for astronauts to live, which can completely shield the radiation from the universe. Without the influence of cosmic radiation, we can safely complete the mining work on the moon.
Of course, with the continuous development of human technology, it is possible to transform the moon, build fuel factories on it, establish mining bases, and even build a lunar city. However, it takes time to realize this. Japanese scientists proposed to build a fuel factory on the moon around 2035. The hope is not great. This time is too close to us.
If it takes 50 years, then there is still hope to build a base on the moon and build a mining plant. No matter what, the future of the moon will be very lively. Mining bases and scientific research bases will appear one by one, and humans will go to the moon to travel and work or even become permanent residents. The moon in the future will transform humans into a beautiful homeland, realizing the beautiful moon in human fantasy in ancient times.